Management information system best1
Keituber.com – Information is a very important and valuable thing in an organization today. Accurate and prompt information greatly helps the growth and development of an organization, so information management is seen as important for the convenience of work and for analyzing the progress of the work. That is why it is known Management information system.
Management information system or a management information system is a planning system that involves the use of people, documents, technology, and processes in management accounting to solve business problems such as the cost of a product, service, or business strategy. Management information systems are distinguished from ordinary information systems, because MIS is used to analyze other information systems applied to the organization’s work. In academia, this term is generally used to refer to a group of information management methods related to the automation or support of human decision making, such as decision support systems, expert systems, and executive information systems.
Management information system best1
Management information system or Management Information Systems is a field that has started to develop since the 1960s. Although there is no single agreement, an MIS is generally defined as a system that provides information used to support an organization’s operations, management, and decision-making. MIS is also known by other terms: “information system”, “information processing system”, “information and decision making system”. SIM describes a department or agency tasked with gathering news and organizing information for organizational management purposes using systematic principles. It is said that it uses the principle of the system, because news that is distributed in different ways is collected, stored and integrated into information by one body.
Baskerville and Myers argue that it is time for MIS to become an independent discipline. Davis suggests that there are at least five aspects that can be classified as unique characteristics of the MIS field:
Management processes, such as strategic planning, information systems operations management, etc.
Development process, such as systems development project management, and so on.
Concepts of development, such as socio-technical concepts, quality concepts, etc.
Representations such as database systems, program code and so on.
Application systems, such as knowledge management, executive systems and so on.
As a knowledge base, it is a collection of information that is processed into something meaningful and useful. When the data are facts, figures or statistics, conclusions can be drawn. In the future, the collected information can be processed into new knowledge.
Management Information Systems are not currently being developed in the business sector, but they are widely used in various fields such as education, medicine, industry and more. This indicates that there is a need for accurate and fast information in various fields.
There are many technologies that support SIM online and offline. But the base application used in a management information system is a database application. This system should be able to process the information collected in the database into the information product that users need. The system should be able to divide the information it generates into different levels so that each level gets only the information it needs.
In the agency, management is always involved in a series of management processes: basically setting objectives and goals, formulating strategies, planning, determining work schedules, organizing, mobilizing personnel, monitoring activities, tracking, evaluating, and creating and using feedback systems. Each step in the process requires different types of information in its implementation.
Setting goals and objectives
An organization can be defined axiometrically as being established and managed to achieve a specific goal. In order to determine the achievement of these goals, information is needed that can provide a rough or global picture of the trends that may occur within the organization itself and in the environment in which the organization operates. Information needed abroad can cover political, security, economic, socio-cultural and scientific and technological development directions. Internally, the important information is related to the organization’s ability to supply and control various facilities, infrastructure, funds, and human resources.
The overall effort to achieve the organization’s goals and objectives requires a strong and clear strategy. One of the most commonly used scientific tools for determining organizational strategy is the SWOT analysis, i.e. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. In order for SWOT analysis to be truly effective as a supporting tool for determining and implementing organizational strategies, information about the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats faced by the organization is required.
Make a plan
The planned and determined strategy requires clarification by implementing the planning function. Since planning is one of the most important things in an organization, it is necessary to identify as early as possible the various risks and factors that can cause failure in the implementation of organizational goals and strategies. The information needed in the planning process is 5 W 1 H, that is, what (what), when (when), where (where), who (who), why (why) and how (how).
Preparation of work schedule
The preparation of the work program is a systematic breakdown of the medium-term work plan. While the above six questions must be quantified in the preparation of the work program, the expected results must be clearly and realistically defined, clear performance standards, the quality of the work must be determined and the work program must be structured so that it can be used as a guide in the implementation of practical activities in detail.
An organization can be defined as a group of people who are formally and hierarchically linked and work together to achieve specific goals. It can be a place where organizations join together in groups and occupy specific positions to carry out different tasks for which they are responsible. Organizations can be a place where members of the organization interact with other members of the organization.
The measure of an organization’s success is not increased by the results of each department, but rather by the overall success of the organization and all other departments. And of course such a process needs a good information system.
Human resource mobilization
Human resource recruitment (HR) is a very important function in management and also the most difficult because accurate and effective HR recruitment requires reliable information. For example, job assignment information, job descriptions and analyses, information on quality standards applied in management, and other information that allows the work department that manages human resources in the organization to perform its various functions correctly.
Implementation of operational tasks
Implementation of operational tasks is a very important part of the overall management process and is actually a test that shows whether an organization is working on the right “rail” or not. This is because the application of management principles should be applied universally, taking into account the context, situation, place and time. If supported by various relevant data, it should be real.
The performance of all operational activities that require control allows errors to occur, which means failure to achieve expected levels of effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity. Therefore, monitoring tasks clearly require and provide information about the performance of various operational tasks that are being carried out at the same time.
As a follow-up, data from the evaluation process is also very much needed. This information can be obtained through a variety of interviews, distribution of questionnaires to other parties deemed to have in-depth knowledge of the general management process, and other techniques deemed necessary and appropriate.
All the information obtained – especially from the evaluation results – is shared by various parties related to the management company, such as investors, shareholders, senior management, business unit leaders and others. This is important so that corporate managers…